||Northwest Bulgaria > Vidin > Landmarks
Landmarks of VidinBaba Vida Fortress-Museum (tel.: 094 22884) - it is named after an old legend - it is the biggest historical sight of Vidin and is the best-preserved medieval Bulgarian fortress in the country. It has been built in different historical periods from 3th century till the end of 19th century. Most active were the construction works under the reign of Ivan Srazimir. The main body of the fortress of that time is preserved even today - the main turrets and bastions, as well as the inner surrounding wall that connects them. A museum exhibition is arranged in the fortress. There is a theatrical scene and dramatic performances with historical plot are played among the unique scenery.
The Vidin fortified system, known also as the Turkish Kale, was built in 17th-18th century. Today in a comparatively good outlook are preserved the fortified wall facing the Danube, the northern sector of the fortress facing the town with its 4 gates - Stambolkapia, Pazarkapia, Nechirekapia and Florentinkapia. The system has the form of a semi-circle seesaw line of 1800 m diametre, touching the Danube River. Seen from the land the fortification consists of a moat and a ground rampart, whose corners are formed by 8 stone 5-angle bastions. With the construction of the Kale and including the Baba Vida Fortress as a main citadel in the common defencive system, in the second half of 18th century Vidin became a first-class key military point along the Danube.
The Town Historical Museum (tel.: 094 25609) is one of the richest and best-arranged museums in the country. It is housed in two buildings - in the past Turkish Konak (police office) from 18th century are arranged the Archaeology, Revival Period and National-Liberation Movement sections, and the Ethnographic section is placed in the Krustatata Kazarma (barracks building like a crest) - an original architectural monument from the end of 18th century.
There is also the Mausoleum of the first Bulgarian Ekzarh Antim I. The library of Osman Pazvantooglu (from about 1800, a monumental construction with original oriental architecture and woodcarving).
The St. Pantaleimon Church from 1634 is the most precious monument of Bulgarian architecture and art in the town from the age of Turkish rule. The St. Petka Church from 1633. The St. Dimitur Cathedral. The building of the military club, in which the Town Art Gallery is housed, the teketo (Islamic monastery) Saldahin Baba, Hadzhi Angels House, the Synagogue and many other interesting cultural and historic monuments.
There is a Theatre of Drama in Vidin, too.